Leader: Partner# 6 – WI
Τhe aim of this WP is the creation of a solid knowledge base that will be used in the subsequent activities of this proposal.
Objectives: i) to provide updated information about the state-of-the-art for the eight participating countries regarding the latest implemented policy instruments for energy efficiency, and how the existing policies interact to create comprehensive packages as a common background for the other work packages in the project, ii) to provide policy makers and market stakeholders an insight of the energy saving efforts of the eight countries; iii) to support evidence base for the research outcomes of this proposal and iv) to show how energy efficiency can be fostered indirectly.
WP2: Mapping and assessment of social, economic, cultural and educational barriers in buildings and transport
Leader: Partner# 4 - OBU
This WP seeks to identify the main barriers (social, economic, cultural, educational and institutional) which hamper the implementation of energy efficiency policies at the regional and local level, relying on literature review as well as on primary research with experts.
Starting from the different typologies of barriers (social, economic, cultural and behavioural) for each country and for the sectors considered by the project (buildings and transport), it evaluates their importance in undermining the implementation and the effectiveness of different policy measures, by carrying out a desk research and by investigating the opinions of a range of experts and stakeholders through a structured survey. In parallel it also evaluates the relevance of different driving factors for energy efficiency in the eight project countries. The results of both activities will be synthesised in a report which will inform partners’ work in the following WPs (WP4 and WP5).
Objectives: i) To identify the main barriers (social, economic, cultural and educational) for the implementation of energy efficiency policies in buildings and transport sectors at regional and local levels. ii) To evaluate the weight/importance of barriers that affect the decision of households and individuals in two sectors (buildings and mobility) in the project countries; iii) To evaluate the weight/importance of driving factors of energy efficiency policies; iv) To identify barriers that need to be considered in the scenario analysis (WP4) and in the multi-criteria evaluation of the scenario analysis results (WP5).
WP3: Developing an innovate integrated framework to incorporate main drivers and barriers into scenario analysis
Leader: Partner# 1 - UoA-KEPA
The aim of this WP is to develop and employ an innovative “decision support tool”, linking the mostly qualitative results on main drivers and barriers of WP2 with the quantitative scenario analysis of WP4. To this end, two preliminary sub-tasks are required:
- How have other researchers (including those from disciplines other than mainstream economics) dealt with incorporating main drivers and barriers in energy analysis?; why have they failed?; and what can we learn from their failures?
- What (mathematical) techniques are available to deal with the problems identified above? What are the elements of those techniques that we must keep? Where do they need adjustments?
It is not possible at this stage to give a detailed description of the new tool, as this is very innovative research. We can only list the main characteristics of this novel approach: to be able to translate qualitative information into quantitative data; to provide numerical outputs for immediate use in the existing energy model (LEAP); and to allow the construction of energy scenarios incorporating all relevant criteria: social, cultural and psychological (including individual and social learning) as well as technological, environmental and economic aspects.
Objectives: i) develop an innovative framework that facilitates the integration of social, cultural and educational factors in traditional energy consumption modeling; and ii) in particular to explicitly link the mainly qualitative research on main driving forces and barriers in the previous steps with the quantitative forward looking scenario analysis in the next steps.
WP4: Forward-looking scenario analysis, focusing on macroeconomic and microeconomic impacts of energy efficiency policy options
Leader: Partner# 8 - SEI T
Energy efficiency is characterized as a no-regret option for Europe, which is already addressed by both short-term and long term EU policies aiming to hold:
- 2020 energy consumption down to no more than 1474 Mtoe of primary energy consumption and 1078 Mtoe of final energy consumption (corresponding to 20% cut in Europe's annual primary energy consumption by 2020 compared to projections) and
- 2030 energy consumption down to an appropriate level (which may be set as a function of the EU's economic performance).
For the year 2030 the EU is targeting to reduce its domestic greenhouse gas emissions by 40% below the 1990 level . Taking into consideration that the energy and climate change package includes a 20% reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels for 2020, and then the equivalent percentage of energy savings will be proportional.
Stepping down to the national level each Member State has the obligation to set an indicative national energy efficiency target in the form they prefer (e.g. primary/final savings, intensity, and consumption). EU Member States needed by 30 April 2013, to notify it together with its 'translation' in terms of an absolute level of primary energy consumption and final energy consumption in 2020.
Based on this framework the scenarios will be of at least two main orientations: i) Business As Usual (or Reference) scenario that presents the time evolution of the current situation through a time horizon up to 2030; II) Scenario II that aims to reach the set target (40% reduction) through a policy mixture that supports all types of energy efficient technologies for all the subsectors of the buildings and the transport sectors. This policy mixture will be synthesized by the already implemented policy instruments and additional ones that will be selected so as to confront all the identified barriers (mentioned in WP2).
Objectives: i) determine and compare different policy options (scenarios) to achieve energy efficiency targets on national and regional level; ii) assessment and analysis of key socio-economic drivers to promote energy efficiency development at national level; iii) evaluate the significance of certain barriers linked with the behaviour of the energy consumer (on the example of buildings and transport sector) towards the updated energy efficiency measures and iv) determine advantages and disadvantages of best policy options in comparison with present policies.
WP5: Policy recommendations through multi-criteria evaluation and feedback mechanisms with policy makers and market stakeholders
Leader: Partner# 1 - UoA-KEPA
The primary aim of this WP is to synthesize the research outcomes of the previous WPs and provide policy makers and market stakeholders with: i) understandable, comprehensive but substantial and useful information; ii) the appropriate means for understanding fully how their decisions will result in the future. For fulfilling this aim the WP Leader (UoA – No. 1) will evaluate the policy mixtures of the final set of scenarios for each participating country against a set of criteria/sub-criteria so as to conclude with the most promising one per country. “Promising” means that the policy mixture for energy efficiency has the best performance taking into account environmental, economic, social and administrative factors. Then each “promising” policy mixture of these eight (8) national scenarios will be all compared between them for identifying the commonly used policy instruments, the weaknesses and the strengths that characterize them.
The final outcomes will show which policy mixture has handled successfully the identified barriers and is closer to achieve the national targets for energy efficiency.
For adding credibility to the research outcomes of this proposal, creating momentum and for increasing their credibility, the Task Leader will be responsible to synthesize the work into national reports; to assist partners present the draft outcomes into national workshops and to the international conference; to prepare the final report about the research outcomes.
Objectives: i) Contribute to positive impact on energy efficiency policy development; ii) facilitate policy makers from all governance levels in understanding the overall performance of energy efficiency policy instruments/mixtures; iii) provide means to monitor the performance of energy efficiency policy options; iv) enhance research outcomes through feedback mechanisms with policy makers and market stakeholders.
WP6: Dissemination and Communication
Leader: Partner# 3 - BSERC
This WP includes dissemination and communication activities that target different types of groups. In addition, the consortium members may contribute, upon invitation by the EASME, to common information and dissemination activities to increase synergies between and the visibility of European Commission/Member States supported actions. Massive electronic dissemination means are included, while several types of publications are foreseen to complement the electronic ones.
Objectives: i) ensure the wide dissemination of the outcomes; ii) inform local, national and regional stakeholders on project’s outcomes, iii) coordinate the parallel activities of this WP.
Leader: Partner# 1 - UoA-KEPA
An efficient management scheme will be established to ensure fulfillment of the scientific, technological and exploitation objectives of HERON. Management of HERON shall include all necessary activities to ensure integration of potential and resources of partners. It shall guarantee the quality of the actions outcome by installing appropriate feedback mechanisms, correcting actions and risk prevalence. To achieve this, a Steering Committee will be settled by consortium partners aiming at the scientific coordination and technical management of the project activities. The management structure will guarantee all parties involvement in decision-taking.
Objectives: (i) To provide the overall strategy and coordination to the project, steering efforts of the partners for the achievement of milestones and ensuring that the work is undertaken with appropriate quality levels. (ii) To set-up a project management structure that ensures an efficient operational management including administrative, financial and legal issues, supporting the WP leaders in organizing and supervising the work and in its liaison with the European Commission. (iii) To support the appropriate communication and work dynamics to help drive the whole Consortium as a team towards successful completion and to resolve technical, management and operational issues that may arise. (iv) To secure gender balance in project activities.